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RUDA, A. -- KOLEJKA, J. -- SILWAL, T. Spatial Concentrations of Wildlife Attacks on Humans in Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Animals. 2020. v. 10, no. 1, ISSN 2076-2615. URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/10/1/153

Original name:
Spatial Concentrations of Wildlife Attacks on Humans in Chitwan National Park, Nepal
Czech name:
Written by (author):
Department:
Department of Environmentalistics and Natural Resources
Kind of publication:
article in a professional periodical
Periodical: Animals
Nature of article:
paper
Volume no. (year):
10
Periodical number within the volume: 1
Year of publication: 2020
Starting page:
Up to page:
Number of pages: 17
Sub-specification:
článek je obsažen v databázi Web of Science
UT code by Web of Science:
EID code by Scopus:
Form of publication:
printed version
Original language:
English
Description in original language: Simple Summary Wildlife attacks on people in and around protected areas, where the same resources are shared by both people and wildlife, are one of the major conservation challenges in getting effective public support. This empirical study contributed to new understanding of wildlife attacks on people in the landscape of Chitwan National Park (CNP) and its neighborhood based on quantitative survey data from 2003-2013. The results show that the majority of wildlife attacks occurred in forests and cultivated land where people mostly unaware of the behavior of animals were attacked. Mostly the concentration of the attacks occurred in less than one victim per km(2). A relatively important correlation between land use and animal attacks is visible in the cases of the sloth bear and the leopard. The typical land use structure of sloth bear attacks with more than one victim per 2 km(2) is given by the dominant percentage of cultivated land, forest, and sandy areas. The remarkably high bear density is due to a relatively high percentage of water bodies, grass land and bush land preferred by the bear. Potential attacks can be reduced through effective management of park and buffer zones, and concerned authorities should also provide education about species-specific behavior of animal attacks. Abstract The study was conducted within and adjacent to Chitwan National Park in Nepal (CNP), where several wildlife species are involved in conflicts with humans. We assessed the spatial relationships between the number of victims/km(2) (=victim density or VD) of attack by wildlife (elephant, rhino, wild boar, sloth bear, leopard or tiger) versus landscape features, including both natural habitat type and land use by humans (e.g., nursery, orchard or cultivated). We identified four levels of VD, ranging from <1 V (victim)/4 km(2) to >1 V/2 km(2) for each land use zone, then tested for correlations at one or more of those VD between each pair of wildlife species across different land use types. Our results high correlation for sloth bear and leopard (r approximate to 0.8), for all species except elephant and wild boar at VD > 1 V/4 km(2) (r > 0.9) and for leopard vs. rhinoceros (r = 0.99) across land use types at 1 V/4 km(2)) indicate some risk-reduction measures. One of them would be division of each buffer zone into three concentric rings, for instance ranging from high-risk adjacent areas to areas of high use by humans, to low-risk where human use is low. This revision would facilitate giving local people more voice in implementing conservation measures and reducing risks.
Description in English:
Description in Czech:
Year of submission:
2020
Year of transmission:
RIV identification number:
URL:
https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/10/1/153
 
Entry made by: Markéta Hejčová, DiS.
Last change:
03/12/2020 14:53 (Markéta Hejčová, DiS.)

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Source specification:

Animals. Basel: ISSN 2076-2615.

Original name:
Animals
Czech name:
Written by (author):
Kind of publication:
magazine
ISSN: 2076-2615
Country of publisher: Swiss Confederation
Place of publishing:
Basel
Publisher:
MDPI AG (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute-MDPI)
URL:
http://www.mdpi.com/about/announcements/761
Reviewed magazine: no
Original language:
English
Description in original language:
Description in English:
Description in Czech:
 
Entry made by:
Ing. Klára Švecová
Last change:
11/08/2016 13:25 (Šárka Novotná)

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