Department of Social Science (ILE) - list of publications


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ŠIMÁNĚ, M. -- ZOUNEK, J. Prague Spring at primary schools in Czechoslovakia by teachers point of view. In 62nd International Scientific Conference of Daugavpils University, Daugavpils, Latvia, May 28th-29th, 2020.2020. URL: https://dukonference.lv/en

Original name:
Prague Spring at primary schools in Czechoslovakia by teachers point of view. In 62nd International Scientific Conference of Daugavpils University, Daugavpils, Latvia, May 28th-29th, 2020.
Czech name:
Prague Spring at primary schools in Czechoslovakia by teachers point of view. In 62nd International Scientific Conference of Daugavpils University, Daugavpils, Latvia, May 28th-29th, 2020.
Written by (author):
Mgr. et Mgr. Michal Šimáně, Ph.D.
doc. Mgr. Jiří Zounek, Ph.D.
Department: Department of Social Science
Kind of publication:
others
Year of submission:
2020
Original language:
English
Description in original language:
Authors will focus in their proposal on the everyday operation of primary schools (ISCED 1 and ISCED 2) in Czechoslovakia during the so-called Prague Spring and the subsequent communist political clampdown after the invasion by the Warsaw Pact forces in 1968. The authors will focus primarily on the experiences of teachers, how events in this complex period affected their professional lives, and how the renewal of totalitarian power was reflected in their work. The research is based on oral history as a method which enabled us to acquire unique knowledge concerning the work and life of teachers in the period under study. Findings from extensive archival research are also an important part of the research. These show that during the Prague Spring, as in Czechoslovak society as a whole, the socio-political climate in primary schools relaxed and communist power weakened, as reflected both in school operation and in-class instruction. After the Warsaw Pact invasion in August 1968, the régime became stricter again in schools and elsewhere (similar to before the onset of the Prague Spring). This was manifested especially in the constant control of teachers’ activities during the Prague Spring, in their persecution, and through the increasing emphasis on ideological aspects of teacher training and pupil formation through instruction.
Description in English:
Description in Czech:
Authors will focus in their proposal on the everyday operation of primary schools (ISCED 1 and ISCED 2) in Czechoslovakia during the so-called Prague Spring and the subsequent communist political clampdown after the invasion by the Warsaw Pact forces in 1968. The authors will focus primarily on the experiences of teachers, how events in this complex period affected their professional lives, and how the renewal of totalitarian power was reflected in their work. The research is based on oral history as a method which enabled us to acquire unique knowledge concerning the work and life of teachers in the period under study. Findings from extensive archival research are also an important part of the research. These show that during the Prague Spring, as in Czechoslovak society as a whole, the socio-political climate in primary schools relaxed and communist power weakened, as reflected both in school operation and in-class instruction. After the Warsaw Pact invasion in August 1968, the régime became stricter again in schools and elsewhere (similar to before the onset of the Prague Spring). This was manifested especially in the constant control of teachers’ activities during the Prague Spring, in their persecution, and through the increasing emphasis on ideological aspects of teacher training and pupil formation through instruction.
Key words:
czech: orální historie, socialistické Československo, normalizace, pražské jaro, základní škola, učitel
english: primary school, oral history method, teacher, Prague Spring, socialist Czechoslovakia, normalization
Field of result:
Education, general; including training, pedagogy, didactics [and education systems]
Year of submission:
2020
Year of transmission:
RIV identification number:
URL:
https://dukonference.lv/en
 
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