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NEUPANE, S. -- WHITE, K. -- THOMSON, J L. -- ŽŮREK, L. -- NAYDUCH, D. Environmental and sex effects on bacterial carriage by adult house flies (Musca domestica l.). Insects. 2020. v. 11, no. 7, ISSN 2075-4450. URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4450/11/7/401

Original name: Environmental and sex effects on bacterial carriage by adult house flies (Musca domestica l.)
Czech name:
Written by (author): Saraswoti Neupane
Kotie White
Jessica L Thomson
Ing. Luděk Žůrek, Ph.D.
Dana Nayduch
Department:
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Kind of publication:
article in a professional periodical
Periodical: Insects
Nature of article:
paper
Volume no. (year): 11
Periodical number within the volume:
7
Year of publication:
2020
Starting page:
Up to page:
Number of pages:
12
Sub-specification:
článek je obsažen v databázi Web of Science
UT code by Web of Science:
EID code by Scopus:
Form of publication:
printed version
Original language:
English
Description in original language:
Adult house flies frequent microbe-rich sites such as urban dumpsters and animal facilities, and encounter and ingest bacteria during feeding and reproductive activities. Due to unique nutritional and reproductive needs, male and female flies demonstrate different interactions with microbe-rich substrates and therefore dissemination potential. We investigated culturable aerobic bacteria and coliform abundance in male and female flies (n = 107) collected from urban (restaurant dumpsters) and agricultural (dairy farm) sites. Whole-fly homogenate was aerobically cultured and enumerated on nonselective (tryptic soy agar; culturable bacteria) and selective (violetred bile agar, VRBA; coliforms) media. Unique morphotypes from VRBA cultures of agricultural flies were identified and tested for susceptibility to 14 antimicrobials. Female flies harbored more bacteria than males and there was a sex by site interaction with sex effects on bacterial abundance at the urban site. Coliform abundance did not differ by sex, site or sex within site. Both male and female flies carried antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) bacteria: 36/38 isolates (95%) were resistant to GREATER-THAN OR EQUAL TO1 antimicrobial, 33/38 were multidrug-resistant (GREATER-THAN OR EQUAL TO2), and 24/38 isolates were resistant to GREATER-THAN OR EQUAL TO4 antimicrobials. Our results emphasize the role of house flies in harboring bacteria including AMR strains that pose a risk to human and animal health.
Description in English:
Description in Czech:
Year of submission:
2020
Year of transmission:
RIV identification number:
URL:
https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4450/11/7/401
 
Entry made by:
Markéta Hejčová, DiS.
Last change: 07/20/2020 09:30 (Markéta Hejčová, DiS.)

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Source specification:

Insects. Basel: ISSN 2075-4450.

Original name:
Insects
Czech name:
Written by (author):
Kind of publication:
magazine
ISSN:
2075-4450
Country of publisher: Swiss Confederation
Place of publishing:
Basel
Publisher:
MDPI AG (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute-MDPI)
URL:
https://www.mdpi.com/journal/insects
Reviewed magazine:
no
Original language:
English
Description in original language:
Description in English:
Description in Czech:
 
Entry made by:
Last change: 12/10/2019 13:24 (Šárka Novotná)

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