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TROJAN, V. et al. Exploring chemical composition and genetic dissimilarities between maize accessions. Maydica. 2020. v. 65, no. 1, ISSN 0025-6153. URL: https://journals-crea.4science.it/index.php/maydica/article/view/2050

Original name:
Exploring chemical composition and genetic dissimilarities between maize accessions
Czech name:
Written by (author):
Department:
Department of Plant Biology
Kind of publication:
article in a professional periodical
Periodical: Maydica
Nature of article:
paper
Volume no. (year):
65
Periodical number within the volume:
1
Year of publication:
2020
Starting page:
Up to page:
Number of pages:
9
Sub-specification:
článek je obsažen v databázi Web of Science
UT code by Web of Science:
EID code by Scopus:
Form of publication:
printed version
Original language: English
Description in original language:
The capacity of maize (Zea mays L.) accessions to tolerate drastically extreme conditions in Iraq, contributes to the characterization of the genetic resources for germplasm management and the identification of the finest genotypes for genetic improvement. Therefore, breeding maize program requires knowledge of genetic variation and genetic structure. A total of 25 maize accessions from three regions (Iraq-Sulaimani, Iraq-Erbil and Iran-Sanandaj) were genotyped by chemical and phytochemical components and simple sequence repeats (SSR) markers to evaluate genetic diversity, population composition and the relationships between genetic and chemical composition dissimilarities. In terms of proximate and phytochemical parameters, the maize accessions exhibited large significant disparity, in which oil, phenol contents and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) characteristic appeared to be the most discriminating features of maize accessions. Altogether, 18 SSR markers produced 77 polymorphic alleles across the 25 samples, and the chosen SSR was extremely informative with polymorphic information content (PIC) varied from 0.91 (Bnlg1890) to 0.37 (Umc1630 and Bnlg1189), as well as gene diversity (ranging from 0.48 to 0.91, with an average of 0.75) illustrating the broad genetic variability of the accessions investigated. Molecular variance assessment (AMOVA) showed that there was only 21% genetic variation among populations. Pairwise PhiPT distance (0.10 to 0.31) stated high population distinctions among the populations investigated. In addition, the accessions from three regions were differentiated into seven clusters by both methods; clustering and population structure analysis and the accessions are not grouped in term of geographic locations. Both chemical composition and SSR markers differentiated 25 maize accessions. The results of the Mantel test exhibited a significant positive linkage between chemical components and SSR matrices. The results of this research revealed that maize accessions have a broad genetic diversity that provides a source of new and unique alleles that are helpful for maize breeding programs to address the continuing and future significant challenges and determining collections of well-known cultivars and disparities between them.
Description in English:
Description in Czech:
Year of submission:
2020
Year of transmission:
RIV identification number:
URL: https://journals-crea.4science.it/index.php/maydica/article/view/2050
 
Entry made by:
Last change:
07/02/2020 08:31 (Markéta Hejčová, DiS.)

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Source specification:

Maydica. Bergamo: ISSN 0025-6153.

Original name:
Maydica
Czech name:
Written by (author):
Kind of publication:
magazine
ISSN:
0025-6153
Country of publisher:
Italian Republic
Place of publishing:
Bergamo
Publisher:
Istituto sperimentale per la cerealicoltura
URL:
https://journals-crea.4science.it/index.php/maydica/index
Reviewed magazine: no
Original language:
English
Description in original language:
Description in English:
Description in Czech:
 
Entry made by: Mgr. Kamila Zoufalá
Last change:
05/13/2020 14:25 (Šárka Novotná)

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