Summary of topics offered - Faculty of Horticulture

Basic information

Type of work: Dissertation thesis
Mobilisation of retrotransposons as environmntaly-responsive elements
State of topic:
approved (doc. Mgr. Miroslav Baránek, Ph.D. - head of department)
Thesis supervisor: doc. Mgr. Miroslav Baránek, Ph.D.
Faculty of Horticulture
Supervising department:
Mendeleum - Institute of Genetics and Plant Breeding - FH
Max. no. of students:1
Proposed by:
doc. Mgr. Miroslav Baránek, Ph.D.
The genomes of most plant species are dominated by transposable elements (TEs). Once considered as ‘junk DNA’, TEs are now known to have a major role in driving genome evolution. Over the last decade, it has become apparent that some stress conditions and other environmental stimuli can give rise to altered gene expression patterns and phenotypes reasoned just by TE activity. Such connections between TE-mediated increases in diversity and an accelerated rate of genome evolution provide powerful mechanisms for plants to adapt more rapidly to new environmental conditions. However, it is difficult to fully characterize the mobile part of a genome, or active mobilome, and tracking TE activity. Aim of the thesis will be i) to approve different approaches for mobilome activity measurements,ii) to evaluate different aspects affecting mobilome activity on molecular level and iii) to judge consequences for plant genome evolution and breeding. All will be performed primary on the carrot as a model organism.

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D-EUHO European Horticulture