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|Language of final thesis:||Czech|
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|Title of the thesis:||Diversity of weeds in terms of different crop rotations|
|Summary:||The aim of this study was to evaluate the species composition of weeds in the crop. Spring barely has been grown in the monoculture and also within the Norfolk crop rotation.
The ground was utilized in two ways. The first way was classical (traditional) technology with using of deep plowing, the second way was minimization of technologies.
Observation of the field trial was done in 2014 and 2015 and the results
of this experiment were evaluated in the period between 5.5.2014 and 2.5.2015 prior
to application of herbicides. Numerical method has been used there, the number of weeds was detected per 1 m2 for each variant tillage and crop rotation in 25 repetitions.
Results of the evaluation of weed crops of spring barley were first processed
by using DCA analysis. The result is a length of the gradient (Lengths of gradient).
In our case it was 5.058. For further processing was chosen canonical correspondence analysis CCA. Analysis CCA defines the spatial arrangement of individual weed species and studied factors of cultivation practices (crop rotation, tillage) based on data about
the frequency of occurrence of weed species. This is later graphically expressed
by the ordination diagram.
At the study area were recorded overall 31 weed species. The greatest abundance was found on land, where minimizing tillage technology was used. Diversity in traditional tillage was comparable with diversity in the minimization tillage and it was therefore impossible to establish whether the tillage effects on species diversity of weeds.
In monoculture we found 13 weed species all together, while on the ground were we use Norfolk crop rotation, there were a total of 17 species. It is therefore possible
to conclude that the practical use of crop rotation has a positive impact on the diversity of weeds.
Crop rotation was probably more suitable for those species: Arctium tomentosum, Capsella bursa-pastoris, Cirsium arvense, Convolvulus arvensis, Erodium cicutarium, Euphorbia helioscopia, Chenopodium album, Chenoodium ficifolium, Chenopodium hybridum, Chenopodium quinoa, Malva Neglecta, Polygonum aviculare, Sonchus oleraceus, Thlapsi arvense, Trifolium alexandrinum, Tripleurospermum inodorum
and Viola arvensis.
I recommend to continue the field trial in order to evaluate the long-term ties weeds on crop rotations and tillage.
|Key words:||Norfolk crop rotation, diversity, weeds, monoculture, abundance, spring barely, tillage, crop rotation|
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