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|Language of final thesis:||English|
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|Title of the thesis:||The essential oil content of caraway from different growing regions|
|Summary:||The essential oils are secondary metabolites, they occur in higher plants. They have a multimaterial effect on organism. They form the main active substance in various spices used in food industry. Caraway is grown in the Czech Rebublic mainly for its content of the essential oils. The achenes from different sites and of different growing techniques to determine the content of the essential oil were used. It can be concluded that: At Velemín station, there was a higher content of essential oil in REKORD variety in both seasons. The SPRINTER variety (not registered in the Czech Republic) showed lower content of essential oil than REKORD in both seasons. The content of essential oil in caraway achenes grown in Huštěnovice was higher in KEPRON variety, and lower in winter caraway and failed to reach the level required for a biennial caraway. The essential oil content is influenced by the fertilization. The lowest content of EO was obtained by the plants fertilized by preparation with higher dose of nitrogen and 2 % of magnesium oxide. It is necessary to check these results to the future. In 2007, no differences in essential oil content were found between the varieties at Šumperk locality. There were the differences in content of carvon and limonen. The damanded highest content of carvon was measured in REKORD variety.|
|Key words:||the essential oils, carvon, caraway, limonen|
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