Course syllabus EKLES - Forest Ecology (FFWT - SS 2013/2014)

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Course code: EKLES
Course title in language of instruction: Ekologie lesa
Course title in Czech: Forest Ecology
Course title in English: Forest Ecology
Mode of completion and number of credits: Exam (5 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes: full-time, 2/2/2 (hours weekly/ hours weekly/ days in semester) (hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
part-time, 20/0/0 (h/h/days in semester) (lectures per period / seminars per period)
Language of instruction: Czech
Level of course: bachelor
Semester: SS 2013/2014
Name of lecturer: doc. Ing. Emilie Bednářová, CSc. (instructor)
prof. Ing. Jiří Kulhavý, CSc. (examiner, instructor, lecturer)
doc. RNDr. Irena Marková, CSc. (supervisor)
Ing. Ladislav Menšík, Ph.D. (instructor)
doc. Ing. Luboš Purchart, Ph.D. (instructor)
doc. Ing. Josef Suchomel, Ph.D. (examiner, instructor, lecturer)
Prerequisites: General Botany or Special Forest Botany or Soil Science or Bioclimatology
Aims of the course:
Knowledge of the structure, processes and functioning natural and managed forests, ecosystem analysis in the holistic conception, hierarchy and behaviour of systems, evaluation of ecological impacts of human activities on forest ecosystems, evaluation of biotic interactions and trophic relations, primary and secondary production, biodiversity, stress behaviour, principles of ecological stability and landscape and global aspects of forest protection. Intensifying the possibility of an analytical approach to the evaluation of information and the possibility of synthetic evaluation of information obtained.
Course contents:
1.Introduction to Forest Ecology (allowance 2/2)
a.Basic terminology and definitions, Importance of ecology, Geographical distribution of forest in the world, Structure and functions of forest ecosystems, Ecological stability, Historical development, Man and forest, Ecological problems of present forestry

2.Historical development of forests (allowance 2/2)
a.development of forests in Holocene; effects of climate; soil conditions, effects of biotic factors, effects of man

3.Analyses of Changes in Forest Structure and Function at Multiple Time and Space Scales (allowance 2/2)
a.Ecosystem analyses, Hierarchy and behaviour of the system, Multiply space and time scaling, Energy and material transfers, Dynamic of processes in forest ecosystems, Data extrapolations, Simulations and mathematic modelling, Model validation, Application of system analyses

4.Primary production and forest development (allowance 2/2)
a.Climate as a main driving force, Carbon cycle and productivity, Photosynthesis, Autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration, Physical and biochemical processes of biomass accumulation, Net and gross primary production, Season allocation of biomass, Global climatic changes, Applications in ecology and forestry

5.Water cycle (allowance 2/2)
a.Exchange of water between vegetation and atmosphere, Importance of energy transfers, Evaporation, Interception, Leaf area index, Transpiration, water flow within trees, Stomatal conductance, Vapour, Soil water, limits of water availability, Surface runoff, Infiltration and water percolation, Application in ecology and forestry

6.Biogeochemical cycles of nutrients (allowance 2/2)
a.Biogeochemical cycling, Principles and definitions, Essential elements, Mineral nutrition of forest trees, Sources and uptake of nutrients, Storages and internal recycling, Return in litter, Decomposition processes, Mineralization and immobilization, Importance of humus, Cations and anions exchange, Adsorption and fixation, Nutrient use efficiency, Volatilization and leaching, Mass balance and modelling, Application in ecology and forestry

7.Biotic interactions (allowance 2/2)
a.producers and consumers; trophic relations, food chains and pyramids , interspecies (interspecific) interactions; the importance of animals in forest ecosystems, applications in ecology and forestry

8.Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function (allowance 2/2)
a.Role of biota in ecosystems, Food web, Biotic interactions, Genetic variation in populations and implications, Secondary productivity, Biodiversity at organism, population and habitat level, Changes in diversity over time, Population integrity and uniqueness, Methods for evaluation, Conservation, Applications in ecology and forestry

9.Resilience vs. ecological stability (allowance 2/2)
a.Stress theory, Identification of stress factors, Susceptibility and response of forest to disturbance, Ecological stability, Resilience vs. resistence, adaptation, Main hypotheses of forest decline, Ecosystem rehabilitation, Applications in ecology and forestry

10.Landscape ecology and forests (allowance 2/2)
a.Regional Ecosystem Analyses, Forest and Landscape Processes and interactions, Regional biogeochemistry principles of landscape interconnection, Principles in geographic representation, Concept of metapopulation, Fragmentation and connectivity, Edge effect, Multi-purpose landscape conservation, Applications in ecology and forestry

11.Sustainable Forestry and Adaptive Ecosystem Management (allowance 2/2)
a.Principles and concept of sustainable forestry, Close to nature forestry, Forest as a living organism, Natural processes, Adaptive ecosystem management, Ecological and societal premises in ecosystem management, Certification approaches, Forest policy - worldwide and European long-term system for forest protection

12.The Role of Forests in Global Ecology (allowance 2/2)
a.Global forest distribution, Forest - climate interaction and global climatic changes, Forests in global carbon cycle, Sustainability and global biodiversity conservation and wood supply, Other ecological and societal aspects of forests protection

13.Field excursion - demonstration of methods for ecosystems studies (allowance 0/16)
Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
-Ability to analyse and synthesize
-Ability to apply knowledge
-Ability to communicate with professionals in different field of study
-Ability to work in interdisciplinary team
-Ability to work in international context
-Ability to work independently
-Capacity to adapt to new situations
-Capacity to learn
-Science and research skills
-Skilled at utilizing and processing information

Specific competences:
-Ability to apply of knowledge obtained in forest management and environment protection
-Ability to use methods of the evaluation of negative impacts of human activities on forest ecosystems.
-Knowledge of system analysis principles at the evaluation of the forest ecological stability.
-Knowledge on the structure, processes and functioning of forest ecosystems.

Type of course unit: optional
Year of study: Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement: There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules: -
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load):
Type of teaching methodDaily attendanceCombined form
Direct teaching
     lecture24 h0 h
     practice22 h0 h
     field work4 h0 h
     professional educational excursion16 h0 h
     consultation0 h20 h
     preparation for exam50 h60 h
     preparation for regular assessment0 h20 h
     preparation for regular testing20 h40 h
     report from excursion, tour, practical placement4 h0 h
Total140 h140 h
Assessment methods:
Evaluation of participation in lectures
Obligatory participation in practical exercises
The completion of 2 credit tests to 80%
Final written examination (3 questions ) within the range of 1 hour
Supplemental oral part of the examination
Recommended reading:
TypeAuthorTitlePublished inPublisherYearISBN
RQKLIMO, E. et al.Lesnická ekologieBrnoVysoká škola zemědělská199480-7157-499-62001
RQDUVIGNEAUD, P. -- MEZŘICKÝ, V.Ekologická syntézaPrahaAcademia1988
RQBEGON, M. et al.Ekologie: jedinci, populace a společenstva : [Investice do rozvoje vzdělávání, reg.č.: CZ1.07/2.2.00/15.0084]OlomoucVydavatelství Univerzity Palackého199780-7067-695-7
RQLAŠTŮVKA, Z. -- KREJČOVÁ, P.EkologieBrnoKonvoj2000
RQODUM, E.Základy ekologiePrahaAcademia1977
REKULHAVÝ, J. et al.Ekologie lesa: doplňkový učební textBrnoMendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně200380-7157-718-9
REKULHAVÝ, J. -- ČERMÁK, J. -- KLIMO, E. -- MAREK, M V. -- PRAX, A. -- NADYEZHDINA, N. -- BEDNÁŘOVÁ, E. -- ZÁHORA, J. -- KAMLEROVÁ, K. -- SUCHOMEL, J. -- KNOTT, R. -- HADAŠ, P. -- HYBLER, V. -- KŘÍSTEK, J. -- LOMSKÝ, B. -- KUČERA, J. -- REMEŠ, M. -- MENŠÍK, L.Ekologie lesa IIMendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v BrněÚstav ekologie lesa200680-7157-984-X
REKULHAVÝ, J. -- BEDNÁŘOVÁ, E. -- MARKOVÁ, I. -- HADAŠ, P. -- SUCHOMEL, J. -- PURCHART, L. -- MENŠÍK, L. -- LORENCOVÁ, H. -- ŠRÁMEK, V. -- MERKLOVÁ, L. -- FABIÁNEK, T. -- TRUPAROVÁ, S. -- LOMSKÝ, B. -- DRÁPELOVÁ, I. -- REMEŠ, M. -- KLIMO, E.Ekologie lesa IIIBrnoMendelova zemědělská a lesnická univrzita v Brně2009978-80-7375-355-9
RESCHLESINGER, W. -- WARING, H.Forest Ecosystems, Concepts and ManagementNew YorkAcademia Press1985
RERUNNING, S. -- WARING, R.Forest Ecosystems - Analysis at Multiple ScalesNew YorkAcademic Press1998
REZLATNÍK, A.Základy ekologiePrahaSZN1973


Last modification made by Ing. et Ing. Miroslav Cepl on 09/17/2014.

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