|Course code: |
Course title in Czech:
Course title in English:
|Mode of completion and number of credits: ||Exam (5 credits)|
Mode of delivery and timetabled classes:
|full-time, 2/2 (hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)|
|Level of course: ||bachelor|
Type of delivery:
Mode of delivery for our mobility students abroad:
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|Language of instruction: |
|doc. Ing. Roman Gebauer, Ph.D.|
|Course supervising department: |
|Faculty: ||Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology|
|Teachers: ||doc. Ing. Roman Gebauer, Ph.D. (examiner, instructor, lecturer, supervisor)|
Ing. Jana Posslová, Ph.D. (instructor)
Ing. Štěpánka Řehořková (instructor)
doc. Ing. Josef Urban, Ph.D. (instructor)
Timetable in this semester:
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Aim of the course and learning outcomes:
Introduction to the cytology, anatomy, morphology and physiology of higher plants with main focus on trees. After absolving this course student will be able to describe processes which influence tree growth from the cell to the tree level. This knowledge will be useful in further study of the forest ecosystem.
|1.||Cytology (allowance 3/2)|
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
|Structural characteristics of plant cells with attention to the cell wall, nucleus, plastids, mitochondria, endoplasmatic complex and cytoskeleton.|
The importance of compartmental organization.
Histology (allowance 3/3)
|a.||Primary and secondary meristems, cell division and diferentiation.|
|b.||Types of plant cells and tissues. Simple and complex tissues. Tissue systems: meristems, epidermal, water-conducting and ground tissues, their structure and functions.|
|Root (allowance 2/2)|
Primary tissues of roots: stele (radial vascular bundle), root cortex, endodermis, rhizodermis.
|b.||Primary growth of roots, root tip and root cap. Pericycle and production of lateral roots. Root hairs.|
|Stem (allowance 1/3)|
Primary tissues of stems: primary growth of shoots. Terminal bud, shoot tipand leaf primordia. Turn of vascular bundles to colateral ones in hypocotyll. Anatomy of leaf: mesophyll, epidermis with guard cells, venation. Secondary growth: lateral meristems - vascular and cork cambium. Secondary tissues of stems, heteroxylic and homoxylic secondary xylem. Cork, phelloderm, periderm. Secondary tissues of roots, specific foundation of vascular cambium in root stele. Location of primary and secondary xylem. Transport of water, solutes and gases in plants, flux control. Physiologic approach to the study of metabolic processes in plants. Mineral nutrition of plants - uptake and use of nutrients. Growth processes in plants, phytohormones, external control of growth. Stress physiology: general and specific responses to stress factors.
|Terminal bud, shoot tipand leaf primordia. Turn of vascular bundles to colateral ones in hypocotyll.|
Secondary growth: lateral meristems - vascular and cork cambium.
|5.||Leaf and secondary growth (allowance 1/3)|
Anatomy of leaf: mesophyll, epidermis with guard cells, venation.
|Secondary growth: lateral meristems - vascular and cork cambium.|
Secondary tissues of stems, heteroxylic and homoxylic secondary xylem. Cork, phelloderm, periderm. Secondary tissues of roots, specific foundation of vascular cambium in root stele. Location of primary and secondary xylem.
Plant physiology (allowance 4/0)
Mineral nutrition of plants, growth processes in plants, stress physiology.
|Learning activities and teaching methods: |
Type of teaching method
|preparation for exam|
preparation for regular testing
elaboration of reports
|Assessment methods: |
The course is finished after following points are fulfill - compulsory participation on practical lessons, creation of protocols from practical lessons, written test from practical lesson (composed from practical - anatomical description of micropictures - and theoretical part). Exam has to part - written test (30 minutes) and oral exam. Student has to answer at least 50% of asked questions to past the exam.
|Assessment criteria ratio: |
|Recomended reading and other learning resources: |
ANDRÉ, J. Vascular organization of angiosperms : a new vision. Enfield: Science Publishers, 2005. 140 p. ISBN 1-57808-310-9.
| Plant-environment interactions. Berlin: Springer, 2009. 308 p. ISBN 978-3-540-89229-8.|
HOLBROOK, N M. -- ZWIENIECKI, M A. Vascular transport in plants. Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic Press, 2005. 564 p. Physiological ecology series. ISBN 0-12-088457-7.
|PROCHÁZKA, S. et al. Botanika: morfologie a fyziologie rostlin. 3rd ed. Brno: Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně, 2007. 242 p. ISBN 978-80-7375-125-8.|
SCHULZE, E. -- BECK, E. Plant ecology. Berlin: Springer, 702 p. ISBN 3-540-20833-X.
Course listed in study plans for this semester:
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Course listed in previous semesters:
|Teaching place: ||Brno|