Course syllabus FYC - Phytocenology (FA - SS 2017/2018)


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Course code: FYC
Course title in language of instruction: Fytocenologie
Course title in Czech: Phytocenology
Course title in English: Phytocenology
Mode of completion and number of credits: Exam (6 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes: full-time, 2/2 (hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
Language of instruction: Czech
Level of course: bachelor
Semester: SS 2017/2018
Name of lecturer: Mgr. Martin Jiroušek, Ph.D. (examiner, instructor, lecturer, supervisor)
Ing. Jan Winkler, Ph.D. (instructor)
Mgr. Magda Zdražílková, Ph.D. (instructor)
Prerequisites: Systematic Botany
 
Aims of the course:
Students will learn the basic types of vegetation in Central Europe. For individual vegetation types, characteristic environmental conditions, ecological context, typical plant species and fundamental interactions between vegetation and human activity. Practical methods of phytosociological data processing on computers will take place in practice room. Fundamental methods of data analyses and presentation (diversity indexes, the indicator properties of plants, phytosociological plot databases, synoptic tables, determination of diagnostic species for particular vegetation types, manual and automatic classification of vegetation, importance of phytosociology in practice, establishment and evaluation of fild experiments for studying the vegetation differences in time and space (e.g., the effect of grazing, fertilization experiment, impact of climate change on vegetation), using of multivariate ordination methods). During the field exercises, basic methods of field phytosociological research (phytosociological data recording) in various types of vegetation (grassland, forest, weed vegetation) will be presented .
 
Course contents:
1.Introduction, research scope, history of phytosociology, fundamental phytosociological methods (allowance 2/0)
 
a.Basic geobotanical terms, principles, phytosociological units.

2.Vegetation change in space (allowance 2/0)
 
a.Phytogeography
b.Main climatic gradients affecting vegetation zones of Europe; temperature, precipitation, continentality
c.Altitudinal zonation of vegetation in the Czech Republic

3.Vegetation change in time (allowance 2/0)
 
a.paleoecological methods
b.vegetation in glacial period and Holocene, migrations of dominant woody plants, establishment of recent central-European natural vegetion
c.Role of the man in development of Holocene vegetation

4.Overview of the most important vegetation units of the Czech republic. Diagnostic species, synecology, synchorology, importance, distribution and preservation if need be. (allowance 16/2)
 
a.Communities of still and runing waters.
b.Spring, reed and tall-sedge vegetation.
c.Fens, mires raised bogs and wet meadows.
d.Mesic meadows and pastures and dry steppe grasslands.
e.Sand and salt vegetation.
f.Forests.
g.Fringe communities and ecotonal communities.
h.Cliff, alpine and subalpine vegetation.
i.Habitats strongly influenced or created by man.

5.Gebotanical mapping. Importance and application of phytosociological research. (allowance 2/4)
6.Phytosociological relevé, synthetical and analytical traits of vegetation. (allowance 0/2)
7.Practical digitizing of phytosociological data (allowance 0/4)
 
a.software Turboveg for Windows

8.Analyses of phytosociological data (allowance 0/12)
 
a.software JUICE (bioindication of plants, diversity indexes, classification of vegetation, ...)
b.software CANOCO 5 (multivariate analyses)

 
Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
 
-ability to analyse and synthesize
-ability to apply knowledge
-professional knowledge

Specific competences:
 
- Ability of the reliable determination of plant species important from the ecological point of view.
-Ability of assessment of ecological and environmental conditions according to species composition of the stand
-Ability of forecast of vegetation response and succ.essional changes induced by anthropogenic and natural impacts.
-Ability to classify plant communities into defined specific vegetation units
-Assessment of environment quality changes resulting from the species composition
-Prediction ability of certain measuremnts impact on some ecosystems

Type of course unit: required
Year of study: Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement: There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules: -
 
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load):
Type of teaching methodDaily attendance
Direct teaching
     lecture22 h
     practice22 h
     field work10 h
     consultation6 h
Self-study
     preparation for exam60 h
     report from excursion, tour, practical placement10 h
     writing of seminar paper10 h
Total140 h
 
Assessment methods:
The course is finished and credits are obtained with successful completion of: 1) active work during practices (digitizing and analyses of phytosociological data on computers), 2) elaboration of the final protocol on the basis of learned methods, 3) presence and team work during two half-day field excursions, in Brno or near surroundings.

Final examination of theoretical and methodological knowledge learned during the course. Both, the written and oral forms of final examination are possible.
 
Recommended reading:
TypeAuthorTitlePublished inPublisherYearISBN
RQMORAVEC, J.FytocenologiePraha1994
RQCHYTRÝ, M.Vegetace České republiky.PrahaAcademia2007978-80-200-1462-7
RQCHYTRÝ, M.Vegetace České republiky.PrahaAcademia2009978-80-200-1769-7
RQCHYTRÝ, M.Vegetace České republiky.PrahaAcademia2011978-80-200-1918-9
RQCHYTRÝ, M.Vegetace České republiky.PrahaAcademia2013978-80-200-2299-8
RQCHYTRÝ , M. -- KUČERA, T. -- KOČÍ, M.Katalog biotopů České republiky PrahaAOPK ČR200180-86064-55-7
RQMORAVEC, J. et al.FytocenologiePrahaAcademia200080-200-0128-X
RQCHYTRÝ, M.Vegetation of the Czech Republic: diversity, ecology, history and dynamicsPrahaČeská botanická společnost2012ISSN 0032-7786
RETICHÝ, L. -- CHYTRÝ, M. Diagnostic, constant and dominant species of vegetation classes and alliances of the Czech Republic: a statistical revision
REPéče o chráněná území: I. Nelesní společenstvaPrahaAOPK ČR199980-86064-42-5
REMÍCHAL, I. -- PETŘÍČEK, V.Péče o chráněná území -- II. Lesní společenstvaPrahaAgentura ochrany přírody a krajiny ČR1999
REHROUDA, L. -- CHRTEK , J. -- KUBÁT, K.Klíč ke květeně České republikyPrahaAcademia200280-200-0836-5
REHEJNÝ, S. -- SLAVÍK, B. -- CHRTEK, J. -- KOVANDA, M.Květena České republiky.80-200-0643-5
REPOKORNÝ, P.Neklidné časy: kapitoly ze společných dějin přírody a lidíPrahaDokořán2011978-80-7363-392-9
RELOŽEK, V.Zrcadlo minulosti: česká a slovenská krajina v kvartéruPrahaDokořán2007978-80-7363-340-0
RESÁDLO, J. -- STORCH, D.Biologie krajiny: biotopy České republikyPrahaVesmír200080-85977-31-1
REDOSTÁL, J.Nová květena ČSSRPrahaAcademia1989
REHEJNÝ, S. -- SLAVÍK, B. -- -, E.Květena ČR 1. - 6. dílPrahaAcademia1988
RENEUHÄUSLOVÁ-NOVOTNÁ, Z. et al.Mapa potenciální přirozené vegetace České republiky: textová částPrahaAcademia199880-200-0687-7
RELEPŠ, J. -- ŠMILAUER, P.Multivariate analysis of ecological data using CANOCOCambridgeCambridge University Press2003
RECHYTRÝ, M. -- KAPLAN, Z. -- DANIHELKA, J.Flora and Vegetation of the Czech RepublicCham, SwitzerlandSpringer2017978-3-319-63181-3

RQrequired
RErecommended


Last modification made by Ing. Michal Karhánek on 01/31/2018.

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