Sylabus predmetu FCE - Phytocenology (FH - WS 2019/2020)


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Course code: FCE
Course title in language of instruction: Fytocenologie
Course title in Czech: Phytocenology
Course title in English: Phytocenology
Mode of completion and number of credits: Exam (5 credits)
(1 ECTS credit = 28 hours of workload)
Mode of delivery/Timetabled classes: full-time, 2/1/2 (hours weekly/ hours weekly/ days in semester) (hours of lectures per week / hours of seminars per week)
Language of instruction: Czech
Level of course: bachelor
Semester: WS 2019/2020
Name of lecturer: Ing. Michal Friedl (examiner, instructor, lecturer, tutor)
doc. Dr. Ing. Jan Štykar (examiner, instructor, lecturer, supervisor, tutor)
Prerequisites: (Bioclimatology or Climatology) and (Geology or Geology for ZAKA)
 
Aims of the course:
Understanding of the role and importance of vegetation in the landscape and regularity of their evolution. Clarifying of geobiocoene type and geobiocoenological typification.
 
Course contents:
1.Significance, content, development and contemporary trends of phytocenology (allowance 0/0)
2.Basic terms and their coherences (flora, vegetation, ecotope, biota, phytocenosis, biocenosis, ecosystem, geobiocenosis, geobiocene, group of geobiocene types, association, formation, biome) (allowance 0/0)
3.Methods of vegetation study (allowance 0/0)
 
a.Phytocenological plot and releveé, minimal area of phytocenose
b.Analytical characteristics of vegetation (floristic composition, etage, abundance, dominance, sociability, vitality, living forms of plants)
c.Synthetical characteristics of vegetation (phytocenological table, presence, konstance, fidelity, significant species combination, floristic similarity)

4.Interactions of vegetation and environment (allowance 0/0)
 
a.Vegetation and relief (catena, exposition, height above sea level, vegetational phenomenons -- top level, carsic, serpentinit, fluvial, flood-plain, anemo-orographic systems)
b.Vegetation and climate (heat, light, water, wind, chemistry of atmosphere)
c.Vegetation and soils
d.Vegetation and water
e.Influence of animals on vegetation
f.Vegetation and fire
g.Ecolements, ecological constitution of species

5.Dynamic of vegetation (allowance 0/0)
 
a.Growth and distribution of plant populations
b.Relation between individuals and plant populations (intra- and interspecific competion, allelopathy, symbiosis, parasitism, epifytism)
c.Population strategy (primary and secundary)
d.Succesion
e.Dynamic of natural forest
f.Stability and influence of stress factors
g.Principles and mechanism of regeneration

6.Distribution and development of vegetation (allowance 0/0)
 
a.Biogeographical realms, provinces and regions
b.Vegetation zonality
c.Vegetation tiers (altitudal zonality)
d.Floroelements
e.Development of vegetation in pleistocene
f.Development of vegetation in holocene
g.Influence of human acivity

7.Classification of vegetation (allowance 0/0)
 
a.Geobotanical system
b.Geobiocenological typology
c.Forest typology
d.Classification of vegetation by intensity of anthropogenic influence and by level of ecological stability

8.Mapping of vegetation (allowance 0/0)
 
a.Maps of potential and reconstructed state
b.Maps of actual state, principles of biotope mapping

9.Vegetation in the cultural landscape (allowance 0/0)
 
a.Principles of gene-pool conservation
b.Protection of vegetation in EU programme Natura 2000
c.Principles of near-natural communities creation
d.Invasive species

 
Learning outcomes and competences:
Generic competences:
 
-Ability to analyse and synthesize
-Capacity to learn
-General knowledge
-Professional knowledge
-Skilled at utilizing and processing information

Specific competences:
 
-Ability of orientation in maps
-Aplication of knowledges to obtain by studying in the praxis
-Care for nature and landscape
-Knowledge of the natural landscape structure and processes
-Skill to evaluate ecological stability of the landscape
-Student is able to apply knowledge to make a proposal for management of landscape
-Student is able to recognize and describe landscape attributes

Type of course unit: optional
Year of study: Not applicable - the subject could be chosen at anytime during the course of the programme.
Work placement: There is no compulsory work placement in the course unit.
Recommended study modules: -
 
Learning activities and study load (hours of study load):
Type of teaching methodDaily attendance
Direct teaching
     lecture26 h
     practice13 h
     professional educational excursion16 h
     consultation4 h
Self-study
     preparation for exam24 h
     preparation for regular assessment17 h
     writing of seminar paper40 h
Total140 h
 
Assessment methods:
seminary study, individual assesment of seminary study, assesment of activity on field practice, oral examination
 
Recommended reading:
TypeAuthorTitlePublished inPublisherYearISBN
RQBUČEK, A. -- LACINA, J.Geobiocenologie II. Geobiocenologická typologie krajiny České republikyBrnoMendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně2007978-80-7375-046-6
RQMORAVEC, J.FytocenologiePraha1994
RQCHYTRÝ , M. -- KUČERA, T. -- KOČÍ, M.Katalog biotopů České republiky PrahaAOPK ČR200180-86064-55-7
REMENDELOVA UNIVERZITA V BRNĚ. ZAHRADNICKÁ FAKULTA. Taxon Web: Nonverbální a jiné inovativní formy podpory ve výuce na Zahradnické fakultě v Lednici, reg. č.: CZ.1.07/2.2.00/15.0084 [online]. Lednice: Mendelova univerzita v Brně, Zahradnická fakulta, 2013. Dostupné z: http://www.taxonweb.cz

RQrequired
RErecommended


Last modification made by Josef Knézlík on 06/04/2019.

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