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Jose Mbenga Ibesoa, Ph.D.
Identification number: 9833
University e-mail: 9833 [at] node.mendelu.cz
 
P 15 07  Botany (LDF)
Doctor type of study, part-time form
Forest Phytology, study successfully completed

Contacts     Graduate     Final thesis     

Basic information

Basic information about a final thesis

Type of thesis: Dissertation thesis
Thesis title: Proposal of a Sustainable Management of the Salonga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Written by (author): Jose Mbenga Ibesoa, Ph.D.
Department: Department of Forest Botany, Dendrology and Geobiocoenology (FFWT)
Thesis supervisor: doc. Dr. Ing. Jindřich Pavliš
Opponent 1:prof. Ing. Ján Borota, DrSc.
Opponent 2:prof. Ing. Erich Václav, DrSc.
Opponent 3:doc. Ing. Antonín Buček, CSc.
Final thesis progress:Final thesis was successfully defended.


Additional information

Additional information about the final thesis follows. Click on the language link to display the information in the desired language.

Language of final thesis:English

Czech        English

Title of the thesis:Proposal of a Sustainable Management of the Salonga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Summary:In the present study, I was concerned with defining a compromise, which satisfies vital material needs of the populations living within and around the Salonga National Park and safeguards natural resources in the long-term at the same time. Four main objectives have been assigned to this study: 1) To review existing information about biological diversity in the Salonga National National Park; 2) To review information about existing approaches of exploitation of natural resources in the Salonga area and in the Salonga National Park itself from the standpoint of rural population and from the viewpoint of the government land management approach. 3) To analyse in detail the relation between the conservation value and the needs of the people living in the Salonga National Park; 4) To work out proposals aimed at harmonising the needs of the local people with their active participation for conservation of the Salonga National Park. First, the research procedure consisted of outlining the rural socio-economic context and, more particularly, in determining the necessary natural resources destined for own-consumption and commercialization (socio-economic study]. In a parallel step, the environmental context of a reserved forest of the Salonga National Park was assessed by the means of a quantitative evaluation of natural resources. The results of the socio-economic inquiries for the whole area of study were extrapolated from the basic data collected from the sampling villages, leading to the qualitative and quantitative needs of the population. The research location lies in the central basin the Congo Rivers, in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in Africa. The climate of the Salonga National Park is continental equatorial: hot and humid with a mean annual precipitation of 2000mm over most of the reserve, falling to 1700m in the south, and with a slightly drier season from June to August. The rains are mostly downpours and on only 30 days in the year are precipitation less than 20mm. The average relative humidity is 86%, regularly reaching saturation at night, but maintaining an average of 77% during the day. Temperatures are stable with daily mean variations between 20°C at night and 30°C during the day. The mean annual temperature is 24.5°C. The peripheral indigenous ethnic populations of the area of study are mainly the Nkundo, Ekonda, Mongo, Lotomba etc. The local economy is essentially autarchic and based on the agricultural production of food (maize, manioc, yam etc) and on each crop (cotton and groundnut, peanut). The results show clearly a positive attitude of the rural population with regard to the natural resources. Moreover, the range and diversity of the needs of the population corresponds with the choice of products and services of a served forest. Overall, the potential lies above the needs. Exploitation is extensive and falls into the category of a gathering economy system. With the monetarisation of the economy the need for cash money has increased and subsequently the necessity to develop commercial activities. The planning proposals formulated here rest on main principles for management: - Detailed research is necessary in order to ensure the decision based on ecological, sociological and ethnological coherence within a context of constant change. - The integration of the population in the planning is not optional but necessary and is justified for logical, practical, technical, historical and political reasons. - The ties between the population and the natural resources are multiple, solid and very much alive. They are directly related to the satisfaction of fundamental needs for food, health and hygiene, tools and infrastructure) and indirectly by the money generated and other important needs (education, baptism and social events). The ties are also expressed in the desire to conserve woody species and by the number and diversity of functions and activities carried out in reserved forests, as well as the daily use of native forest areas. - Forestry planning and rural development are concomitant. The needs and concerns of rural people go beyond the limits of the reserved area of the Salonga National Park. Forestry planning is not a goal in itself but a way of reaching certain objectives that enable a sustainable management of natural forest within the framework of logical rural development. - Participative planning that is near to the concerns of the populations as well as the ecological reality must be understood as a ongoing process: on the one hand, because framework conditions are subject to climate and anthropic changes and, on the other hand, because these changes affects the ecosystem and therefore the adaptation of the potential of natural resources. - The exploitation of usufruct must be taken into account independently of landowners. Planning must differentiate between private levels of exploitation (individuals, interest groups) and collective levels of property (national, communal). The levied usufruct corresponds to the renewable consumption of, commercial and non-commercial interests of the classified forest differ according to the contributors. Nevertheless, it constitutes the basis of a compromise between the needs of the population and the need for the conservation. So-called "secondary" activities and traditional right have a decisive role to play. The sum of research elements permits the conclusion that the Congolese authorities should make good proposals plan for rural development. This would be give positive effects that increase the way to improve communal development of Natural resources of the Salonga The success of planning would depends on considering the framework conditions and on accepting the limits, they impose.
Key words:relation man and forest, sustainable mangement of national park, biodiverstiy

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Display the assignment formFinal thesisSupervisor's reviewOpponent's review J. BorotaOpponent's review E. VáclavOpponent's review A. Buček